Adventure SpecialistsAdventure Specialists inc
Inca Research Trips, Treks, expeditions, Adventure Horse Tours, Archaeology Expeditions,
Rain Forest Vactions, Machu Picchu Explorations and Discoveries


A rare opportunity...join the exploration!

Join archaeologist-explorer Gary Ziegler for a new exploration as part of our ongoing Andean research expeditions project in 2016

E-mail Gary Ziegler for details: info@adventurespecialists.org

Previously explorations supported by:
The Royal Geographical Society
The National Geographical Society
The Explorers Club
Manu Expeditions
Adventure Specialists
Surveying instruments from Brunton


Gary Ziegler and crew discovered and studied in 2002, the unusual Inca complex at Cota Cota. Supported by London's Royal Geographical Society, Gary, Hugh Thomson and a team of specialists returned in May 2003 for yet another epic exploration, attempting to unravel the mystery of the Inca occupation of the remote Vilcabamba We of course, visited Machu Picchu and key Inca sites along the way. This is exploration with amenities. We bring our cooks, dinning tent and evening martini mix.

If you are fit, willing to swing a machete, interested in an adventure filled active vacation and have an active mind open to learning about the Inca and ancient civilizations of the high Andes, we can use your help as a contributing field team member.


Archaeo-tourism, the concept of including paying participants to fund research helps finance our Inca Research Expeditions. As part of ongoing studies and expeditions started in 1994, our teams have explored the Vilcabamba Range beyond Machu Picchu , located Inca roads, Inca towns, temples, relocated, mapped and investigated numerous sites beyond Machu Picchu.


In June 2002, the Royal Geographical Society announced that a major discovery had been made in the Vilcabamba area of the Peruvian Andes, beyond Machu Picchu.

An archaeological reconnaissance expedition led by Gary Ziegler and Hugh Thomson had found a substantial and completely unknown Inca site, covered by dense forestation. Their team of muleteers had used machetes to clear the many stone-built buildings arranged around a central plaza, so that they could be mapped and studied. The site was called Cota Coca and attracted international attention.

John Hemming, a leading authority on the Incas and a previous Director of the Royal Geographical Society, commented: "This is an important discovery. There was extensive coverage by such papers as the Telegraph, Times, Sunday Times and Daily Mail in Britain and the LA Times and Miami Herald in the States. Radio 4s Today Programme and the World Service covered the story, as did Reuters, CNN and the worlds leading broadcasters.


The Thomson-Ziegler Expedition 2003
"Llactapta ruins indicate the Incas Machu Picchu was part of vast complex"

The worlds most famous "lost city", the ruins of Machu Picchu in Peru, was part of a much larger complex, according to a sensational new archaeological discovery.

While investigating a mountain ridge facing the Andean city, an Anglo-American expedition has discovered a previously unknown series of high-status sacred ceremonial buildings scattered over at least a square mile of jungle.So far, using airborne infrared reconnaissance and exploration of the jungle itself, the team - led by the British explorer Hugh Thomson and the American archaeologist Gary Ziegler - have found 33 previously unknown buildings. They also found seven others which had originally been located by the American explorer Hiram Bingham in 1912, but the whereabouts of which had been lost, as Bingham left no accurate compass bearings.

The new area is two miles from Machu Picchu. The expedition has identified, as well as the buildings, eight plazas, seven raised platforms, a series of walled walkways connecting structures and a workers village for Machu Picchu.

The buildings include a large storehouse, a sun temple resembling the great sun temple in the Inca capital, Cuzco, 45 miles away, and a tall temple, for viewing solar equinoxes and solstices.

Ziegler said that "the identification of the famous Inca trail continuing past Machu Picchu through Llactapata to major Inca sites in the Vilcabamba indicates that Machu Picchu was likely an administrative hub as well as ceremonial and religious center for the surrounding region." Llactapata is currently outside the protected Machu Picchu Historical Sanctuary and subject to destruction by looters. The exploration team hopes to return along with Peruvian archaeologists for additional studies.

Adventure Specialists
Bear Basin Ranch
Westcliffe, Co USA 81252

phone 719 783-2076
E-mail:
info@adventurespecialist.org
Maintained strictly confidential

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